Dr Carole Buckley, a GP in Bristol was appointed as the Clinical Champion for Autism from April 2014 until March 2017. Dr Buckley is a member of the Royal College of General Practitioners Intellectual Disability Professional Network and also currently sits on the NICE guideline development group for those with learning disabilities and challenging behaviour. In this article Dr Buckley discusses the Think Autism strategy published in 2014.
Author: Carol Buckley
Think Autism: a GP’s perspective
A year ago the government launched Think Autism, an update on the original Autism Strategy of 2010. The statutory guidance that followed this was published, after consultation in March 2015.
The professional membership body for family doctors in the UK and abroad is the Royal College of General Practitioners. It is the voice of GP’s on education, research, training and clinical standards. Its Clinical Innovation and Research Centre (CIRC) has a number of clinical priorities that recognize unmet need and Autistic Spectrum Disorder became a clinical priority in April 2014, and will run until March 2017.
The RCGP clinical priority aims to raise the profile and awareness of autism and enable the commissioning of good services from specialist providers. It is of particular importance at present as commissioning is being led by Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCG’S) which are primary care lead.
There is a statutory requirement:
- for all health care staff to have Autism awareness training.
- to provide specialist training for key staff which includes GP’s
- for local commissioners to develop accessible autism diagnostic services and for these to be fully available to General Practitioners, recognizing that GP’s have a gatekeeper role to services in the UK.
There is also a need to improve local information on the population living with autism to inform the Joint Strategic Needs Assessment and health commissioners. Think Autism reflects on this need and the potential for improved coding through Read codes by GP’s. Read codes are the means by which all diagnosis are entered onto a GP computer to allow the creation of “disease registers”. These are the means by which a population can be counted and their care reviewed and assessed for quality. The GP computer system is likely to be the most comprehensive local resource on numbers as most people are registered with a GP, but many do not qualify for social services and have completed education so do not appear on these registers. It is exemplified by the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) which has been a part of general practice since 2004 and was the first system to financially incentivise and measure the quality of care provided.
Disability discrimination legislation demands equitable access to all NHS services yet reasonable adjustments for those with ASD are often missed.
A statutory requirement should leave no room for maneuver, yet in many areas of the UK the needs of those with autism are still not being met.
The launch of the original strategy in 2010 does not appear to have had much impact on health services – there is a lack of autism awareness training amongst health care staff. Diagnostic pathways are patchy with some areas having made good progress and others failing miserably to provide both timely diagnosis or post diagnostic support.
There are a number of ways in which the health service is regulated and monitored – many would say there are too many ways in which it is inspected and regulated. I am inclined to agree that there is little evidence that inspection really improves services – it creates a structure of blame and shame. However it is what we are currently dealing with.
Which of the existing systems could be used to meet the statutory requirements?
The CCG’s have a variety of Outcomes Indicators that are used to measure the quality of their services.
The CCG’s are not currently measured on the autism services they provide – there are no outcomes indicators in the area of autism. Unlike cancer and dementia to name but two areas with specific outcomes that services have to meet.
As a GP I am required to have Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation training every year, I am required to complete Child safeguarding training every three years. My appraiser reviews these on an annual basis. Every five years I have to be reaccredited to continue working and my annual appraisals are a key part of that. The annual appraisal does not ask me about autism awareness training. The Care Quality commission (CQC) inspects my practice to see if it is safe and effective – checks on cleanliness, disabled access and many other aspects but does not ask if we have had Autism awareness training.
The Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) has targets for many physical conditions including diabetes, heart disease, asthma etc. It has a target for keeping a register of those patients with a learning difficulty – although no measure of what we do with them. There are enhanced services, which are voluntary, to complete an annual health check for those with learning difficulties but it only reaches 53% of the population.
It feels as though there is a gap between the Think Autism – Fulfilling and rewarding lives up date and what is happening on the ground. Those with the authority to implement the statutory requirement do not seem to be doing it! The Statutory Duty does not seem to be translating into tangible benefits for all those living with Autism.
What needs to happen?
- The regulatory bodies such as NHS England – and the devolved nations, the CQC, the General Medical Council, the nursing and midwifery council to name but a few have to start asking NHS staff to step up to the mark. These regulatory bodies need to implement the statutory requirements clearly laid down since the Autism act 2009.
- Autism needs to have a higher priority on the CCG agenda, there need to be outcomes that are clearly defined, measurable and which really make a difference to all those on the spectrum, and their families.
- There could be QOF targets or enhanced services aimed at those on the autistic spectrum – particularly those without a learning disability.
Only when the above starts to happen will we really see universal progress and improved services from the NHS for those on the autistic spectrum.
The RCGP is working to get outcomes indicators on autism for CCG’s in the 2016 contract. There will be changes to the training curriculum for new recruits. And there should be a cascade of training available. However the RCGP has no statutory power over established GP’s so we will continue to push the regulatory bodies to recognize the unmet need for this 1% of the population.
Our clinical priority is creating and signposting a number of resources to enable the statutory duties to be met. There are tools to help our patient’s access services available via the RCGP website.
Date added: 12 May 2015
Reviewed: 27 June 2018